Banks in the Middle East and North Africa (Mena) region should move quickly to go beyond reporting on environment and social governance (ESG) and get hard data on climate risk – both data on their own exposure and on that of their clients, recent research suggests.
The London Institute of Banking & Finance (LIBF) report says Mena banks would benefit from keeping pace with global best practices on climate risk reporting if they want to avoid losing ground to international counterparts.
According to the report, ‘Why we have to be clear about climate’, the scale and complexity of climate change requires Mena banks to get ready now to report on climate risk – ahead of local regulatory mandates or economic transitions.
LIBF is an internationally recognised organisation delivering financial education to banks and other institutions in Mena. It seeks to advance banking and finance by providing education and thinking, tailored to the needs of business, individuals and society. Founded in the City of London in 1879, The London Institute of Banking & Finance remains the only banking and finance professional body with degree awarding powers.
In October 2022, the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosure (TCFD) showed that only around 25 per cent of all firms in the Middle East report on their exposure to climate change. That was the lowest score globally, the next lowest being Latin America at 28 per cent of all firms. Europe was the leader with 60 per cent.
“Now it’s about hard numbers on climate exposure, about auditable climate reporting and about a defensible climate strategy,” said Kareem Refaay, LIBF’s Managing Director, Mena and GCC.
This goes much further than the ESG reports that institutions in the region already issue. These can provide useful information but are just a starting point for reporting on a firm’s exposure to climate risk, according to the LIBF report.
The LIBF analysis outlines four main reasons why Mena banks should move swiftly to enhance their climate risk reporting:
Banks that are not aligned with the global regulatory requirements on climate risk reporting could increasingly find they don’t meet all the standards required by international partners.
Mena banks that move quickly to implement processes to identify, manage and mitigate climate risk will likely enjoy a first-mover advantage.
Analyzing and reporting on the business risks of climate change is more demanding than reporting on ESG – it takes time to set up the right processes, train staff, and implement the data and IT systems needed to capture data related to climate change exposure.
Banks in the Mena region can use their expertise in oil and gas to help inform the global transition to net zero.
“Achieving these goals will require a focus by risk management teams on the relevant figures, even if local regulators don’t demand it yet,” added Refaay.
“There are obvious reasons for banks everywhere to be hesitant about net zero reporting. Data is lacking and, worldwide, there is an increasing realization that transition to net zero is both more complex and more difficult than hoped,” explained Refaay.